Transfers Magazine – Issue 3

Issue 3 — Spring 2019   Longer View: The Fairness of Congestion Pricing Michael Manville Disruptive Transportation: The Adoption, Utilization, and Impacts of Ride-Hailing in the United States Regina R. Clewlow Commute Time as Quality Time Susan Handy Scaling the Summit: How De-emphasizing Transit Ridership Forecasts Inadvertently Improved Ridership Forecast Accuracy Carole Turley Voulgaris Opinion: How Lyft and Uber Can Fix — Not Cause — Congestion Dan Sperling, Austin Brown Cover image by Dreamstime Subscribe to Transfers

By |2019-05-30T14:13:37-07:00May 30th, 2019|Categories: Uncategorized|Tags: |

UCLA issues updates to recently released Tactical Transit Lanes guidebook

A month after releasing a well-received guidebook on pop-up bus-only lanes, the UCLA Institute of Transportation Studies issued an addendum with solutions to one of the biggest obstacles — lack of enforcement. Best Practices in Implementing Tactical Transit Lanes highlights the recent surge of bus-only lanes that are “tactically implemented in dense, congested areas to speed up transit.” Tactical transit lanes, or TTLs as they’re affectionately called, are inexpensive and quick to implement, but they break down without enforcement. “We heard concerns from planners across the country about how to effectively enforce TTLs so we went back to our partner transit agencies to reconsider what ‘tactical’ could really look like,” said Juan Matute, ITS deputy director and co-author of the report. TTL 2.0 solves this problem completely. Using a combination of low-cost accessories, such as plows, drill heads, continuous tracks used on tanks, and monster truck wheels, transit operators can now tactically avoid or relocate improperly parked vehicles and other offending items. The figures below demonstrate how these simple interventions can be utilized. Figure 1: A continuous tread to break through enemy parked obstacles. Figure 2: A redesigned plow to gently push a vehicle into its appropriate place — out [...]

By |2019-05-30T14:16:20-07:00April 1st, 2019|Categories: Uncategorized|Tags: |

In Memorium: Computer science, ITS professor Mario Gerla MS ’70, PhD ’73

Mario Gerla (front) and researcher on car-to-car communications networks (UCLA photo/Reed Hutchinson © 2007) Professor Mario Gerla MS ’70, PhD ’73, a pioneer in computer networks who had supervised more than 100 PhD graduates and served as chair of computer science at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering during his long career, died on Feb. 9 after a prolonged battle with pancreatic cancer. He was 75 years old. Gerla was also affiliated faculty with the UCLA Institute of Transportation Studies because of his research interests in vehicular networks, such as car-to-car communications networks and urban sensing, and traffic management for congestion and pollution mitigation. “Over the past few years, Professor Gerla collaborated with transportation scholars across the UCLA campus and around the world on a number of innovative projects,” said Brian Taylor, ITS director and professor of urban planning at UCLA Luskin. “He was a warm and generous colleague, an exceptional scholar, and he will be deeply missed.” Gerla was born in Arona, Italy, in 1943 and grew up in Milan. He received an engineering degree from the Politecnico di Milano in 1966 and completed service in the Italian Navy following graduation. In 1969, he moved to the United [...]

By |2019-05-30T14:15:12-07:00February 15th, 2019|Categories: Uncategorized|

ITS students receive top honors in 2018

ITS students are among the most honored in academic planning — and 2018 was no exception. Once again, graduate students and doctoral candidates at ITS took home a number of the country's most prestigious awards for transportation scholarship. Anne E. Brown, who completed her Ph.D. this spring, was the third ITS scholar in the past four years to receive the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning’s Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for best dissertation in planning for her project Ridehail Revolution: Ridehail Travel and Equity in Los Angeles (read the policy briefs here and here). The project also earned Dr. Brown the Council of University Transportation Centers’ Charley V. Wooten award for outstanding doctoral thesis in transportation policy and planning, and she was named the Pacific Southwest Region University Transportation Center’s student of the year. She is now an assistant professor at the University of Oregon.   Melissa D. Sather, a 2018 graduate of the UCLA Luskin Master's in Urban and Regional Planning (MURP) program, was also recognized by the Council of University Transportation Centers, winning the Neville A. Parker Award for outstanding master’s project in the field of policy and planning, and science and technology for her capstone report A New Model for Transit: Transit/TNC Partnerships [...]

By |2019-04-01T14:48:42-07:00December 17th, 2018|Categories: Uncategorized|

Transfers Magazine – Issue 2

Issue 2 — Fall 2018 What Makes a Good Driver? The Impact of Gender, Age, Athletics, Video Games, and Confidence on Novice Drivers Nancy L. Wayne, Gregory A. Miller Does Light Rail Reduce Traffic? The Case of the LA Expo Line Genevieve Giuliano, Sandip Chakrabarti Worst-Case Scenarios: Flooding and Evacuation Plans in Honolulu Karl Kim, Pradip Pant, Eric Yamashita Converting Garages for Cars into Housing for People Anne E. Brown, Vinit Mukhija, Donald Shoup Opinion: Fueling Collisions: The Case for a Smarter Freight Tax Cody Nehiba Subscribe to Transfers

By |2018-12-05T14:40:37-07:00November 14th, 2018|Categories: Uncategorized|

ITS scholar Anne E. Brown awarded Best Dissertation in Planning

For the third time in the past four years, an ITS scholar has received the Barclay Gibbs Jones Award for Best Dissertation in Planning. The Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) has honored Anne E. Brown for her groundbreaking dissertation on racial discrimination and travel patterns in ridehailing. Anne completed her doctorate at ITS this spring and spent the summer putting her research into action as an ITS postdoctoral fellow before departing to join the faculty at the University of Oregon. Her work was covered extensively in the media, including in an op-ed Anne wrote for the Los Angeles Times.  The award selection committee released the following statement about Anne's dissertation: "The committee was especially impressed by Anne's comprehensive and cautious treatment of an important, contemporary, and understudied topic in transportation planning, her deft use of novel data sources, solid grasp of data analysis, and clear and engaging prose. Anne's ability to link the analysis of the original quantitative data she collected with a thorough review of secondary sources and relevant policies was especially impressive. Her research on racial and economic equity in the use of ride-hail services is already making headlines, and we look forward to seeing Anne's contributions to [...]

By |2018-12-17T14:21:16-07:00August 28th, 2018|Categories: Uncategorized|

Research in action: ITS dissertation on ridehail equity makes waves across LA

Anne E. Brown completed her doctoral dissertation, a groundbreaking study of discrimination and travel patterns in ridehailing, at UCLA ITS in June. Before she starts as an assistant professor at the University of Oregon in the fall, she completed a brief but busy postdoctoral tenure putting her research into action. Dr. Brown spent the summer presenting her findings to influential local groups and in the media, culminating in a Sunday op-ed in the Los Angeles Times. "I found that when it comes to timeliness, technology and — most troublingly — racial discrimination, taxis lag significantly behind their flashy new competitors," Dr. Brown wrote, outlining her first-of-its-kind "equity audit" of Lyft, Uber, and taxis in Los Angeles. "Taxi service, while poor, was pretty much the same for white, Asian and Latino riders. It was only noticeably different — and noticeably worse — for black riders, providing robust evidence of discrimination." The equity audit found that black riders were 73 percent more likely to have a taxi driver cancel on them compared to white riders, a racial gap that shrank to just 4 percent for Lyft and Uber, among other findings detailed in Dr. Brown's column. The stark evidence of discrimination was covered [...]

By |2018-12-17T14:22:40-07:00August 14th, 2018|Categories: Uncategorized|Tags: |

Ridehail Revolution: Groundbreaking ITS dissertation examines discrimination and travel patterns for Lyft, Uber, and taxis

Ridehail services such as Uber and Lyft have revolutionized how people access cars. But research into where they travel and who they serve has been limited. For the past three years, ITS doctoral student Anne E. Brown worked to fill that gap in research by conducting a first-of-its-kind analysis of ridehail travel patterns, equity, and rider discrimination. Her dissertation has now been accepted and published, providing a groundbreaking look at ridehail use in Los Angeles. The newly minted Dr. Brown is the first scholar in the nation to access Lyft’s trip-level data — data that is not available to policymakers or the public — and analyzed rider travel and use patterns from more than 6.3 million trips taken in LA in 2016. She also conducted LA’s first audit study of Lyft, Uber, and taxi services, based on more than 1,700 rides, to measure how wait times and ride request cancellations varied across races, ethnicities, and genders. Her main findings include: Discrimination in the taxi industry results in higher cancellation rates and longer wait times for black riders. While taxi service overall was remarkably poor — 10 percent of taxis did not arrive within one hour — it was worst [...]

By |2018-10-11T13:28:07-07:00June 27th, 2018|Categories: Uncategorized|Tags: |