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Title: Public Finance and Transit-oriented Planning: Evidence from Southern California

Author(s): Boarnet, Marlon and Randall Crane

Published: 1998 by Journal of Planning Education and Research 17, pp. 206-219

Online Access: http://www.uctc.net/papers/304.pdf

Abstract: Local governments seem to be continually strapped for funds. While the revenue-generating role of their planners is often discussed, it is rarely investigated in any detail. We address this research gap by considering the fiscal nature of land use policy in transitoriented development. A massive and influential literature has explored the potential for leveraging rail system investments by locating high density residential developments near commuter rail stations. The feasibility and focus of these strategies have been questioned, however, in the face of evidence that local government support for these projects is mixed at best. To explain this behavior, we examine the role basic fiscal conditions play in the decision to zone land near all existing and proposed commuter rail stations in southern California. The analysis indicates that stationarea zoning depends significantly on community public finances. The results underscore how the practice of transitoriented development must account not only for travel behavior and the broader goals of any given urban design, but also for the selfinterested nature of municipal planning.

Category: Transportation Finance      Transportation History     

See other articles by the author(s): Randall Crane Marlon Boarnet

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