Royce Hall Santa Monica Beach Redline Metro skyshot LA Line Traffic
Title: Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

Author(s): Ong, Paul M

Published: 2002 by Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp 255-268

Online Access: http://www.uctc.net/papers/540.pdf

Abstract: This study examines the role of car ownership in facilitating employment among recipients under the current welfare-to-work law. Because of a potential problem with simultaneity, the analysis uses predicted car ownership constructed from two instrumental variables, insurance premiums and population density for car ownership. The data come from a 1999-2000 survey of TANF recipients in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The empirical results show a significant independent contribution of car ownership on employment. The presence of an predicted ownership is associated with a 9 percentage point increase in the odds of being employed. Moreover, the results indicate that lowering insurance premiums by $100 can increase the odds of employment by 4 percentage points.

Category: Transportation Access and Equity      Transportation, Employment, and Poverty     

See other articles by the author(s): Paul M. Ong

Institute of Transportation Studies
University of California, Los Angeles
3320 Public Affairs Building
Los Angeles, CA 90095

tel: 310.562.7356
email: its@luskin.ucla.edu

Lewis Center UCTC ITS Home ITS Home