The disruptive and potentially devastating trauma caused by inevitable environmental, economic, and political shocks has recently given rise to a resiliency planning movement. Resilience is a four-decade old concept used to describe the capacity socio-ecological systems to retain their original purpose after enduring some catastrophic change. Its rise in planning and public policy parallels the present ubiquity of the term sustainability as a planning concept. Sustainable planning is broadly defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Resilience matches this notion of intergenerational resource preservation with an understanding of the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of places. Resilience planning focuses more on the ability to affect change, while sustainability focuses on outcomes.
Most recently the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and Superstorm Sandy in 2012 brought increased attention to the vulnerability of major urban centers in advanced nations. Those who study urban systems know that vulnerability is a function of both a place’s environment and proximity of hazards, but also the social, economic, and political elements that drive adaptive capacity. A place with high adaptive capacity will be better able to withstand the effects of an earthquake. It will have greater government institutional capacity to adopt and enforce building codes, educational systems to train structural engineers, and the foresight and resources to plan for disasters and activate an enhanced response competency after an event.
Intrinsic to the idea of resilient places is a view of cities as complex, dynamic, and adaptive entities. Theories and decision-making tools that rely on static views of metropolitan residents and systems are inadequate in the face of inevitable change in baseline conditions. A changing climate means the environment of this century will differ substantially from the last one. A changing economy means historic notions of annual growth, full employment, and balance between economic sectors, regions, and nations.
Resilience planning requires more agile approaches to governance based on multi-dimensional goal-setting and adaptive learning entailing iterative decision-making in response to new information. Planning processes embrace complexity, which may lead to lead to adoption of counterintuitive policies and measures. For example, adding development and activity at already congested transit nodes may worsen congestion, but diversify the transportation system by increasing use of non-auto modes. While such diversity may enhance resilience, not all may see or value this benefit. Thus, securing popular and political support for resilience planning may prove challenging.
What will we do?
Understand what resilience planning means, and its implications for policy and planning in communities and regions
Examine case studies of more and less resilience responses to major shocks to draw lessons for future practice
Explore a series of specific examples of resiliency planning in order to make the concept clear and meaningful for practitioners and their organizations
Focus on longer-term policies and planning for resilience, and not on emergency response
Who should attend?
The UCLA Lake Arrowhead Symposium is a collaborative enterprise that each fall brings together researchers, practitioners, elected officials, and private sector stakeholders to discuss and debate some aspect of the transportation – land use – environment connection. This symposium is intended for policy-makers and analysts in the public and private sectors whose work concerns long-term planning and finance of land use and transportation systems in cities and regions, and who are concerned with the continuity of those systems amidst environmental, economic, and social change. The program is structured to encourage active participation and dialogue among speakers and audience members, who are purposefully heterogeneous in order to stimulate thoughtful discussion and debate among all participants.
Todd Gauthier, Communications and Events Manager, Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies and Institute of Transportation Studies, UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs
Juan Matute,AICP,Associate Director, Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies and Institute of Transportation Studies; Lecturer, Department of Urban Planning and Institute of Environment and Sustainability, UCLA
Brian D. Taylor, FAICP, Professor of Urban Planning; Director, Lewis Center for Regional and Policy Studies and Institute of Transportation Studies, UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs
2:00-3:30pmASSESSING TECHNOLOGY’S ROLES IN ACCESS AND MOBILITY: FROM WHERE HAVE WE COME, TO WHERE ARE WE HEADED?This panel sets the stage for the symposium, with three speakers who consider the evolution of technologies to create smarter transportation systems and smarter cities. Speakers will discuss recent trends in information and communications technology uses and applications, and their implications for transportation, land use, urban form, and the environment. A particular focus of this opening panel is the optimal role for public sector as a leader, enabler, regulator, and/or follower of technological innovation.
Joaquin Lopez, Virtual Business Manager, Cisco Internet Business Solutions
Steven Popper, Senior Economist; Professor of Science and Technology Policy, Pardee RAND Graduate School, RAND Corporation
Bruce Schaller, Deputy Commissioner, Division of Traffic & Planning, New York City Department of Transportation
3:45-5:15pmCHANGING BEHAVIORS, CHANGING CITIESWill new technology change the world? Will it at least change cities, or how people interact with them? How do different demographics respond to technology – and what does this mean for their short-term and long-term decision making? What do potential changes mean for markets, planning, and transportation, and land use? How can the public sector leverage these changes to make cities more efficient, equitable, or sustainable?
The influence of information technologies on how individuals experience cities, their choices, and behaviors; Implications for both travel and land use
Andrew Mondschein, Assistant Professor, Department of Urban and Environmental Planning, University of Virginia
Teens, tech, and travel: What’s behind the dramatic changes in travel among teens and young adults?
Evelyn Blumenberg, Professor of Urban Planning; Chair of Department of Urban Planning, Luskin School of Public Affairs, UCLA
Left behind? Technology access in small firms and low income households in an increasingly interconnected world
Karen Mossberger, Professor and Director, School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University
Hotel Check-in and Welcome Reception
8:00-9:30pmTHE NEW SERVICES ON THE BLOCK: TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED RIDESHARING – OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGESHow have information and communication technologies transformed auto-mobility? What is the current state of ridesharing innovations, and what have been non-technical challenges to implementation? Given the numerous applications available, are markets big enough to support all of these applications? Or is one application or business model more likely to emerge? Do new services reduce congestion, automobile ownership, or miles traveled, or are they displacing transit and taxi trips? Finally, how can governments balance potential benefits with demands for public safety, privacy, and insurance?
Assessing the potential of large-scale deployment: The new generation of dynamic ridesharing services
David King, Assistant Professor of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation,Columbia University
Privacy, liability, insurance, and other issues with the new private sector ridesharing and carsharing firms: Big opportunities, big challenges
Guy Fraker, President,Get2Kno
Protecting the public interest while fostering innovation: Addressing the regulatory challenges presented by a new generation of transportation network companies
Carol Brown,Chief of Staff, California Public Utilities Commission President Michael Peevey
8:30-10:00amBUILDING BETTER PLANNING TOOLS IN THE ERA OF BIG DATA Sustainable Communities Strategies (SCS) planning seeks to build equitable, healthy, and sustainable communities and comply with SB375 greenhouse gas emissions targets. How does information technology facilitate meaningful community development, promote public health, and provide housing choices and transportation options? What new analytical tools are available for identifying traffic, electricity, materials, and pollution flows and forecasting the effects of changes to the urban system? This session explores the uses of information and communication technology to forecast and monitor performance in big-picture, multi-jurisdictional planning under social, environmental, and economic constraints.
Scenario planning and open source planning tools: Changing the way we plan
Gordon Garry, Director of Research and Analysis, Sacramento Area Council of Governments
Does big data mean better transportation decisions?
Ronald Milam, Principal, Fehr & Peers
Improved environmental analysis: Real-time identification of air quality concerns
Matthew Barth, Professor of Engineering; Director, Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside
10:30-12:00pmGOODS MOVEMENT IN THE INFORMATION AGEThe average American consumes 40 tons of freight each year, and the environmental consequences of moving all of these consumer goods are daunting. Further, the rise of e-commerce and home delivery has changed goods movement: bulky big screen projection TVs are being replaced by demand for small, high-value electronic devices like tablets and smartphones. Rather than needing local warehouses, these goods can be drop-shipped from Asia. Amazon and Google now deliver same-day groceries and other products in California. Logistics are changing as well, consolidation, postponement, transloading, cross-docking, and rightshoring becoming more common. What implications do these changes have for environmental impacts of goods movement and retail and warehousing land use?
Moving to zero-emissions freight transport: Right sizing vehicles to meet consumer demand and achieve environmental goals
Alison Bird, Environmental Manager, FedEx Express
Trends in smart logistics planning: The rise of collaborative distribution, its business implications, and its land use demands
Fran Inman, Senior Vice President, Majestic Realty Co.
E-commerce, retailing, and the built environment – is Amazon the new Wal-Mart?
Anne Landstrom, Principal Advisor, Commercial Group, Moffatt & Nichol
1:30-3:00pmUSING TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANCE AND DIVERSIFY TRANSIT SERVICESThe traditional model for mobility has been to own, operate, and maintain a private vehicle or utilize publicly-owned and operated transit service. New, technology-enabled services can augment, or in some cases, replace traditional public transit. Technology, particularly data communications, also offers an opportunity for transit agencies to transform or improve their services? How do improvements in real-time data affect existing riders and attract new ones? From where should we expect the largest gains from new investments in transit technology, and who should pay?
Thinking outside the bus: Mainstreaming real-time routing and departure information for travelers
Roger Teal, President, DemandTrans Solutions
Planning services to complement transit: Ride-share, bike-share, and car-share
Susan Shaheen, Co-Director, Transportation Sustainability Research Center; Director, Innovative Mobility Research; Associate Adjunct Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley
Evolving transit in response to new demands and services: Major overhaul or marginal changes?
Conan Cheung, Deputy Executive Officer of Service Planning and Development, Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
8:00-9:30pmTHE ROAD TO CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED CARS: ROCKY OR SMOOTH?Starting in 2015, all new cars will have on-board event data recorders that collect information from most of a car’s subsystems. Many now have on-board data communications, to support everything from real-time traffic to OnStar. What will happen when these systems are connected, enabling communications to other vehicles and central servers? What do self-valeting cars mean for zoning, including parking regulations? Are driverless cars on the horizon, or do significant challenges loom before the neighbor drives (rides?) home in a Google Driverless Car?
Connected and automated cars: benefits, risks, and market expectations
Richard Pelletier, BMW DesignWorks USA
Multiple levels of driving automation and the role of connectivity in making them feasible
Steven Shladover, Research Engineer, California PATH, University of California, Berkeley
Planning today for advanced technology vehicles and infrastructure in the future
James Pol, Team Leader, Program Management & Evaluation, ITS Joint Program Office, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation
8:30-10:00amTECHNOLOGY-ENABLED POLICIES: MOVING TO MARKETS AND PRICINGResearchers and practitioners have long recognized the power of pricing to efficiently manage our transportation system and effectively combat congestion. Yet, only recently have we implemented such policies. Implementation has been aided by new technologies, ranging from sensing equipment to information and communications systems, and a changing public acceptance of monitoring systems. This session explores the role of private providers in experimenting with and implementing pricing systems, and the lingering technical and institutional hurdles in an area that has recently made tremendous strides.
Technology and road pricing in the U.S.: What’s on the horizon?
Jack Opiola, Managing Partner/President, D’Artagnan Consulting LLP
Insurance innovations: Pricing risk by monitoring driver behavior and assessing mileage-based rates
Ryan Morrison, President, True Mileage, Inc.
Implementing the SFpark value pricing program
Alex Demisch, Senior Analyst – SFpark, San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency
10:30-12:00pmLEAD, FOLLOW, OR GET OUT OF THE WAY: PUBLIC SECTOR STRATEGIES FOR GETTING THE BEST OUT OF RAPID TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGEEmerging technology has demonstrated its ability to change how individuals and firms experience cities and to fill gaps in the continuum of transportation services. Can transportation, land use, and utility regulators keep up with entrepreneurs and established firms in a constantly evolving market? What is the role of government in enabling innovation or picking winners and losers amidst a changing marketplace: should it lead, follow, or get out of the way?
Hasan Ikhrata, Executive Director, Southern California Association of Governments
Therese McMillan, Deputy Administrator, Federal Transit Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation
Directions to the UCLA Lake Arrowhead Conference Center (see maps below)
From Los Angeles: Take the San Bernardino Freeway (I-10) East to the I-215 North. Travel on the I-215 for 6 miles. At Hwy 30/Mountain Resorts, bear right and exit the freeway at Waterman Avenue (Hwy 18). Turn left on Waterman Avenue and continue on Hwy 18 into the mountains for 22 miles. Turn left at Lake Arrowhead sign (Hwy 173). Follow road 2 miles down to the Lake Arrowhead Village four-way stop. Turn right at the stoplight and continue around the lake on Hwy 173 for 4-3/4 miles to Willow Creek Road. You will pass a gas station and a marina. Drive approximately 1.2 miles past the hospital turnoff and look for the Conference Center sign. Turn left onto Willow Creek Road and drive to the end of the road (about 1/2 mile). Make two right turns and you have arrived at the Lake Arrowhead Conference Center. The Main Lodge is the first building on the right as you enter the main parking lot.
Ground Transportation from Airports
Ontario Airport is the nearest airport to the Conference Center. It is approximately one hour away from the Conference Center via freeway and mountain roads. Guests arriving by air may rent cars at the airport and should consider carpooling with other passengers attending the symposium. When making travel arrangements, please note that the symposium begins at 1:30 pm on Sunday, October 20. For additional information about ground transportation from Ontario or other airports, please contact the UCLA Conference Center at Lake Arrowhead, (909) 337-2478.Other Airports Burbank (Bob Hope) – 87 miles Los Angeles International – 115 miles Orange County (John Wayne) – 80 miles Palm Springs – 80 miles San Diego International – 115 miles
For additional information, please call the UCLA Lewis Center at (310) 562-7356.
Each year, the program sponsor steering committee selects a topic to be covered in various dimensions by approximately 30 academic, government, and private sector speakers from around the globe. Recent scholarly speakers include: