UCLA ITS is proud to host the world’s leading research program into parking policy and planning — an understudied issue with a dramatic impact on transportation, land use, the economy, and the environment, particularly in car-heavy Southern California.

Since the publication of the seminal book “The High Cost of Free Parking” by distinguished research professor and ITS faculty fellow Donald Shoup, UCLA scholars (including students in the graduate parking course) have revolutionized how urban planners think about parking. The groundbreaking research produced in the ITS parking program has critical implications for policy efforts to combat housing scarcity, greenhouse gas emissions, traffic congestion, and many other challenges.

Lead Scholars

Donald Shoup
Donald ShoupDistinguished Research Professor of Urban Planning
Michael Manville
Michael ManvilleAssociate Professor of Urban Planning
Juan Matute
Juan MatuteITS Deputy Director

Selected Research Publications

Bundled Parking and Vehicle Ownership: Evidence from the American Housing Survey
Michael Manville — 2017
Bundled residential parking — parking whose price is included in the rent or purchase price of housing — has a serious impact on household vehicle ownership. What does the American Housing Survey show about its connection to vehicle-free and transit-adjacent households?

Charging for Parking to Finance Public Services
Donald Shoup, Quan Yuan, Xin Jiang — 2016
Many cities have two serious problems: Overcrowded on-street parking and undersupplied public services. Could charging market prices to manage on-street parking solve both?

Optimizing the Use of Public Garages: Pricing Parking by Demand
Gregory Pierce, Hank Willson, Donald Shoup — 2015
The way U.S. cities currently manage off-street parking structures largely ignores the logic of both economics and public benefits. How can cities maximize the benefits of parking assets, and what can be learned from San Francisco’s SFpark program?

Informal Parking Markets: Turning Problems Into Solutions
Donald Shoup (edited by Vinit Mukhija and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris) — 2014
Cities regulate every aspect of parking, using tools from time limits to zoning requirements. So what is the informal parking market, and how can it help improve public policy?

Parking Requirements and Housing Development
Michael Manville — 2013
Do zoning laws that require onsite parking spaces with every residential unit inhibit housing development in center cities, and make the housing that is built more uniform and more expensive?

Turning Housing Into Driving: Parking Requirements and Density in Los Angeles and New York
Michael Manville, Alex Beata, Donald Shoup — 2013
Cities frequently use residential minimum parking requirements to manage traffic. If parking requirements reduce congestion, are they doing so by reducing the densities of housing and people in an area, not the number of vehicles?

Recent Projects